Conducted every two years since 2010, the JAMES Study uncovers adolescents’ media use in Switzerland. In the interim years the data are analysed in depth, and specific topics are written up in the form of JAMESfocus reports.
During the first lockdown in spring 2020 due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, young people were troubled in particular by the social constraints. Many also experienced distance learning as stressful.
The measures surrounding the first lockdown had far-reaching effects on the lives of the 12- to 19-year-old young people. Sixty-six percent were burdened by the lack of contact with friends. Not being able to pursue hobbies and being restricted in their leisure activities was also perceived as difficult. This is revealed by the JAMESfocus report on the psychological well-being and information behaviour of Swiss young people during the first COVID-19 measures in 2020.
"The results are hardly surprising from a developmental psychology perspective," says Gregor Waller, who conducted the study together with his team. "For young people, contacts with peers and liberties outside the parental home are essential for their own personality development."
Most young people in Switzerland feel healthy. However, many experience health complaints, such as headaches and back pain, fatigue, or difficulty concentrating. This is a finding of the JAMESfocus 2020 report by ZHAW and Swisscom. The researchers suspect that there is a connection between certain forms of media use and aspects of health.
Nearly 40 per cent of adolescents in Switzerland have already been confronted with fake news. The most recent JAMESfocus report shows that although they trust the traditional media, Swiss adolescents are increasingly getting news and information from social media. Social media consumption facilitates the spread of fake news and confronts young people with manipulation and false information.
The online behaviour of most adolescents in Switzerland is unproblematic. However, the risk of addiction can increase with the number of Internet-ready devices and time spent online, especially if, for entertainment, young people surf the Web more frequently, watch more television or play games often.
Sleep is an important area of our lives. Whether and how sleep is associated with media use was studied in the context of the JAMESfocus report, Mediennutzung und Schlafqualität [media use and sleep quality]. Risks and protective factors for sleep quality were identified. Derived from the theoretical background and the results, the report provides tips for parents and teachers.
Media courses help young people to obtain targeted information on new media and sensitize them with regard to dangers. For the development of media literacy, however, young people’s personal environments are just as important. For this reason, in the JAMESfocus report the Media Psychology section research team recommends media courses at or after school as a complement to media education by parents.
In the JAMESfocus edition of 2013, four reports cover the following questions:
- How and why do adolescents protect their personal lives on the Internet, and where do they need more support in this regard?
- Do adolescents benefit from media literacy courses?
- Do young people’s relationships with their parents play a role in media use?
- What effect does media use have on adolescents’ school performance?
Media use types in Swiss adolescents: Between risk behaviour and positive media use
Adolescents deal with media in very different ways. The JAMESfocus report of 2011 provides a differentiated view of something that at first glance appears homogeneous. Based on the data from the JAMES Study 2010 different leisure time and media use types were carved out. The resulting use types were compared to the findings of other studies in Switzerland and Germany. Further, the report takes a closer look at topics such as media knowledge and creative handling of media but also at areas such as social networks, cyberbullying and cell phone use.
Project leader Swisscom