Dr. Dominik Refardt

Dr. Dominik Refardt

Dr. Dominik Refardt
ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management
8820 Wädenswil

+41 (0) 58 934 53 65

Personal profile

Management role

  • Head, Research group Aquaculture Systems

Position at the ZHAW



Expertise and research interests

Cultivation of microalgae, microbial evolution, microbial ecology, bacteriophages, microsporidia

Educational background

PhD thesis on the local adaptation of parasites (2005, University of Fribourg)
Studies in biology (Diploma 2001, University of Basel)

Professional milestones

since 2016 Lecturer at ZHAW Wädenswil
2012-2015 Research associate at ZHAW Wädenswil
2008-2012 Postdoctoral Researcher at ETH Zürich
2006-2008 Postdoctoral Researcher at Auckland University, New Zealand

Membership of networks


Project team leader


Books and editorships

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Production de spiruline à la ferme

: Produire de la spiruline à la ferme grâce au digestat et à la chaleur excédentaire d’une installation de biogaz.

In: Biomasse und Holzenergie. Bern: Bundesamt für Energie BFE.

Peer-reviewed articles/chapters

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Catalytic supercritical water gasification: Continuous methanization of Chlorella vulgaris


Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56, 21. 6256-6265. Peer reviewed.

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Extraction of carotenoids from Chlorella vulgaris using green solvents and syngas production from residual biomass


Algal Research, 25 488-495. Peer reviewed.

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Tripartite species interaction: Eukarotic hosts suffer more from phage susceptible than from phage resistant bacteria


BMC Evolutionary Biology, 17, 1. 98. Peer reviewed.

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Opportunities for Switzerland to contribute to the production of algal biofuels: the hydrothermal pathway to bio-methane


Chimia, 69, 10. 614-621. Peer reviewed.

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Potential of algae turf scrubbers (ATS™) for elimination of phosphorus from swimming ponds


In: M. Borin; M. Malagoli; M. Salvato; B. Tanis (Hg.). Wetland Systems: Ecology, Functioning and Management. (29-30). Padova: P.A.N.. Peer reviewed.

Non-peer-reviewed articles/chapters


Phototrophic cultivation of microalgae

: An account of what we have done in the last year and where we want to go.

In: Biomass for Swiss Energy Future Conference 2014. December 2. Villigen, Switzerland: Paul Scherrer Institut.


The open thin-layer photobioreactor at the Zurich University of Applied Sciences

: Experiences after a year of continuous operation.

In: BioTech 2014 & 6th Czech-Swiss Symposium. June 11-14. Prague, Czech Republic: ICT Prague Press.

Publications before appointment at the ZHAW

Vávra, J., M. Hylis, I. Fiala, D. Refardt, R. Larsson. 2016. Microsporidia in a woodland pool I. Lanatospora costata sp. n. (Opisthosporidia, Microsporidia), parasite of Megacyclops viridis (Crustacea, Copepoda): fine structure and molecular phylogeny. Acta Protozool 55:269-280. dx.doi.org/10.4467/16890027AP.16.023.6010

Armanious, A., M. Aeppli, J. Ronald, D. Refardt, T. Sigstam, T. Kohn & M. Sander. 2016. Viruses at solid-water interfaces: A systematic assessment of interactions driving adsorption. Env Sci Tech 50:732-743. dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b04644

Haag, K.L., T.Y. James, J.-F. Pombert, R. Larsson, T.M.M. Schaer, D. Refardt & D. Ebert. 2014. Evolution of a morphological novelty occurred before genome compaction in a lineage of extreme parasites. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111:15480–15485. dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1410442111

Refardt, D. & R. Kümmerli. 2013. Defying bacteriophages: contrasting altruistic with individual-based resistance mechanisms in Escherichia coli. Communicative & Integrative Biology 6:e25159. dx.doi.org/10.4161/cib.25159

Refardt, D., T. Bergmiller & R. Kümmerli. 2013. Altruism can evolve when relatedness is low: Evidence from bacteria committing suicide upon phage infection. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280:20123035. dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.3035. Recommended by F1000Prime

Refardt, D. 2012. Real-time quantitative PCR to discriminate and quantify lambdoid bacteriophages of Escherichia coli K-12. Bacteriophage 2:98-104. dx.doi.org/10.4161/bact.20092

Refardt, D. 2012. Combining forces to target bacteria (invited commentary). Evolutionary Applications 5:537-539. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4571.2012.00255.x

Refardt, D. & D. Ebert. 2012. The impact of infection on host competition and its relationship to parasite persistence in a Daphnia microparasite system. Evolutionary Ecology 26:95-107. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10682-011-9487-5

Refardt, D. 2011. Within-host competition determines reproductive success of temperate bacteriophages. ISME Journal 5:1451-1460. dx.doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2011.30

Haag, K.L., J.I.R. Larsson, D. Refardt & D. Ebert. 2011. Cytological and molecular description of Hamiltosporidium tvaerminnensis gen. et sp. nov., a microsporidian parasite of Daphnia magna, and establishment of Hamiltosporidium magnivora comb. nov. Parasitology 138:447-462. dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182010001393

Refardt, D. & P.B. Rainey. 2010. Tuning a genetic switch: Experimental evolution and natural variation of prophage induction. Evolution 64:1086-1097. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00882.x

Refardt, D., E. Decaestecker, P.T.J. Johnson & J. Vávra. 2008. Morphology, molecular phylogeny, and ecology of Binucleata daphniae n. g., n. sp (Fungi: Microsporidia), a parasite of Daphnia magna Straus, 1820 (Crustacea: Branchiopoda). Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 55:393-408. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00341.x

Refardt, D. & D. Ebert. 2007. Inference of parasite local adaptation using two different fitness components. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:921-929. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2007.01307.x

Refardt, D. & L. Mouton. 2007. Reverse arrangement of rRNA subunits in the microsporidium Glugoides intestinalis. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 54:83-85. dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2006.00149.x

Refardt, D. & D. Ebert. 2006. Quantitative PCR to detect, discriminate and quantify intracellular parasites in their host: an example from three microsporidians in Daphnia. Parasitology 133:11-18. doi.org/10.1017/S0031182006000060

Zbinden, M., S. Lass, D. Refardt, J. Hottinger & D. Ebert. 2005. Octosporea bayeri: fumidil B inhibits vertical transmission in Daphnia magna. Experimental Parasitology 109:58-61

Mucklow, P.T., D.B. Vizoso, K.H. Jensen, D. Refardt & D. Ebert. 2004. Variation in phenoloxidase activity and its relation to parasite resistance within and between populations of Daphnia magna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 271:1175-1183

Canning, E.U., D. Refardt, C.R. Vossbrinck, B. Okamura & A. Curry. 2004. Correction for genus Bryonosema (Microsporidia, Pseudonosematidae). European Journal of Protistology 40:69-69

Canning, E.U., D. Refardt, C.R. Vossbrinck, B. Okamura & A. Curry. 2002. New diplokaryotic microsporidia (Phylum Microsporidia) from freshwater bryozoans (Bryozoa, Phylactolaemata). European Journal of Protistology 38:247-265

Refardt, D., E.U. Canning, A. Mathis, S.A. Cheney, N.J. Lafranchi-Tristem & D. Ebert. 2002. Small subunit ribosomal DNA phylogeny of microsporidia that infect Daphnia (Crustacea: Cladocera). Parasitology 124:381-389. doi.org/10.1017/S0031182001001305

Canning, E.U., A. Curry, S.A. Cheney, N.J. Lafranchi-Tristem, D. Ebert, D. Refardt, M. Killick-Kendrick, R. Killick-Kendrick. 2001. Flabelliforma montana (Phylum Microsporidia) from Phlebotomus ariasi (Diptera, Psychodidae): Ultrastructural observations and phylogenetic relationships. European Journal of Protistology 37:207-221