Preliminary study for the development of an Integrated IoT Management System for a comprehensive, infrastructural monitoring of elderly care home facilities and Smart Homes
At a glance
The players in the Swiss healthcare system are facing major
challenges. Overall, they are experiencing a transformation of the
care system in two ways: On the one hand, through a shift from a
purely supply-oriented to a demand-oriented system, and on the
other hand, through digitalisation and the associated disruptions.
With technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and
artificial intelligence, new care environments can be created that
can process situational and context information (Irizarry,
Gheisari, Williams, & Roper, 2014), allowing the establishment of
completely new intelligent health and care concepts to be offered
(Kofler, Gerber & Schmitter, 2018; Holzinger, Röcker, & Ziefle,
2015). With the increased use of sensors and actuators, more and
better quality data will be available in the future, which, if
correctly evaluated, will make processes more efficient and offer a
more sustainable use of resources.
However, technological developments also mean that new care and supply models have to be considered as a whole. Today, however, only a few nursing facilities or hospitals can imagine developing their services beyond their institutional boundaries or in cooperation with other providers, or offering their services at the care recievers’ own homes. However, these technological developments in the health sector and their use will also lead to new players having to be involved in the provision of services. New networks and partnerships, new financing models and new stakeholder management are needed.
The aim of "SmartCareNet" is to set up an IoT platform with a system solution for today's care facilities. "SmartCareNet" consists of networked sensors and actuators located inside and outside the nursing home (e.g. in the SmartHome, special clinics, etc.), network components (gateway, cloud server, etc.), artificial intelligence (information management, big data storage, ML and analytics) and a management interface consisting of dashboards and integrated monitoring systems. In this resepect, the system enables the creation of intelligent environments for the nursing homes. In addition, the smart provision of FM services and the development of new and attractive care and supply services is promoted through the networked use of technologies (beyond the institute's boundaries).
This preliminary study develops the conceptual basis for the main project, identifies relevant technologies and systems, as well as the needs of selected stakeholders in the Swiss healthcare landscape with regard to the development of new services. In cooperation with them, questions relating to the introduction of new technology and change management will also be clarified.