Toxic effects of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its metabolite tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ) on rainbow trout liver cells are modulated by antioxidants.
Pietsch, Constanze; ; ; (2014). Toxic effects of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its metabolite tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ) on rainbow trout liver cells are modulated by antioxidants.. Cell Biology and Toxicology, 30, 4. 233-252. Peer reviewed.
The worldwide distribution and high bioaccumulation potential of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in aquatic organisms imply a high toxicological impact in aquatic systems. Firstly, our investigations show that, similar to mammalian cell lines, PCP can be metabolized to tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ) in the permanent cell line derived from rainbow trout liver cells (RTL-W1).Moreover, we demonstrate that PCP as well as its metabolite TCHQ is capable of influencing the viability of these cells. Three cell viability assays were performed to assess possible cellular targets of these substances. Thus, the cytotoxicity of the PCPderivative TCHQ was shown for the first time in a fish cell line. Further investigations revealed the involvement of ROS in the cytotoxicity of PCP and its metabolite TCHQ. The observation of oxidative stress provides a plausible explanation for the increased cytotoxicity at higher concentrations especially for PCP and implies possible mechanisms underlying these observations. In addition, antioxidants such as ascorbic acid and quercetin modulate the detrimental effects of PCP and TCHQ whereby both compounds exacerbate the cytotoxic effects of high PCP and TCHQ concentrations.