Goal setting as a challenging step in occupational therapy intervention: Evidence on current state in Switzerland

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Goal setting as a challenging step in occupational therapy intervention: Evidence on current state in Switzerland 

Introduction
Well set therapy goals promote the motivation of clients to adhere to therapy and thus reaching better outcomes.

Aim
To analyse the current way of goal setting by Swiss OTs as a basis for developing an evidence-based further education course and manual for setting goals.

Method
Data: 1049 goals collected with the Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) by Swiss OTs
Data analysis: content analysis, quantitative descriptive analysis

Results
Relationship of the goals to following aspects will be presented: ICF domains; occupation and client focus; SMART rules (i.e. goals are specific, measurable, agreed, realistic, timed).

Conclusion
Special challenges for setting goals consist in integrating the occupation focus and adapting the SMART rules. There are however differences between the different areas in Switzerland and different special field in OT. These differences need to be taken account of, when developing products for supporting OTs in this challenging step of setting goals.